Posts Tagged ‘Jammu and Kashmir – India’

Kashmir @ Kupwara District Receives Electric Current – India

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The Kashmir’s Kupwara District Gets Electric Current Power for the First Time Since Independence.

Last village along LoC ( land of Control

The Keran village is cut off from the district for nearly six months every year due to the heavy snowing- heights of nine to 12 feet during the harsh winters, and the COVID-19 lockdown. The Kupwara district administration connected 3 villages located along the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir’s Keran area to the national electricity grid, ending a wait since Independence for power supply. The tasks  ere not easymcaused by the  shortage of manpower for the work after restrictions of lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

It is an arduous five hours journey to Keran on a fair-weather road that meanders through apple and walnut orchards of the Kashmir Valley and the Pherkian Pass at 10,000 feet in the Shamasbari Ranges.

A power grid has been installed. This will now provide the village with electricity for 24 hours. It will also help residets get rid of noise and pollution caused by the diesel generator set in the area. With the electricity project nearing its completion, the local administration constructed and improved roads in the area.

The government has also given the go ahead to plans to construct 100 new panchayat offices adding to repair another 100 buildings.

For three hours of electricity, the Keran area, with a population of 14,000 in four panchayats, was till recently dependent on three old diesel generator (DG) sets, for which fuel was transported from the district headquarters.

Installed over decade back, the three DG sets were prone to frequent breakdowns further disrupting the meagre power supply, more so in winters when conducting repairs are next to impossible. In 2012, the area’s residents were hopeful that a solution to their power problems was found. The plan was to extend power lines to Keran and establish a grid station. But hopes started to with as no substantial progress was made on the project for nearly seven years, apart from the installation of some solar lighting systems that had limited efficiency even during the summers for some villagers. Not being directly connected to the national power grid threw Keran into extreme backwardness with lack of industries and limited access to medical facilities and television.

All the essential commodities, especially food items and essential drugs are stored in advance for an year in the area to cater to the winter requirements during the cut off area. It was among 112 districts of the country that were chosen for quick and effective transformation.

The Kupwara district administration swung into action deploying multi disciplinary teams to ensure corridor clearance for the entire stretch of the electricity line, that passes through several villages, steep slopes and dense forests.

It may seem as a  small project for the district, but has hugely triggered revolutionary changes in the lives of the common masses starting from switching on a television set as and when they want, to better healthcare, water supply, lift irrigation systems and impacting almost every walk of life now dependent on power supply. The people who were living on the zero line are very pleased for the change to come.

Cultural heritage of Kashmir is multi demensional as the variegated backdrop of its phyisical exuberance which has nursed and inspired it all along. Its sanctity and evergreen stature can be conveniently inferred from the chast shimmering snow, with its virgin top to toe, adorning the towering peaks of its mountainous periphery. Rosy blush lending perennial health to our warbling brooks, roaring waterfalls and sedate and solemn lakes. To crown all, this verynectarine glow has most meanfully groomed out metal  attitude to glean unity  amidst  seeming diversty.  It is a nonstop mental journey with no mile-posts to cool its heels upon. This is a Happy Valley..

Adding Culture – Tradition – Dance, Craftworks and Cuisine.

Culture and Traditional … Jammu’s Dogra is very different from the Kashmiri culture. The Dogra culture is instead much similar to that of neighbouring Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. Traditional Punjabi festivals such as Lohri and Baisakhi are celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm throughout the region, along with Accession Day, an annual holiday which commemorates the accession of Jammu & Kashmir to the Dominion of India.

It is important to note that Kashmiri culture is predominantly followed only in the Kashmir valley and Doda of the Chenab region. Jammu and Ladakh have their own distinct cultures that are very different from that of Kashmir.

Handicrafts … Handcrafts have been the main-stay of the State’s Economy since Centuries. The dawn of modern era of industries least affected the viability of the crafts that always had the capacity to hold sway in even International Markets. The Wanvun, Roaff, carpet/shawl weaving Kaleenbafi and Koshur Sufiana forms a very important part of Kashmiri identity.

Traditional Dance … The Dumhal is a famous dance in the Kashmir valley, performed by men of the Wattal region. The women perform the Roaff, another traditional folk dance. Kashmir has been noted for its fine arts for centuries, including poetry and handicrafts.

Cuisine … holds a unique place among different world cuisines … having  good resources of  water spread area in the shape of streams, rivers, springs and Irrigation sars. Thus has tremendous  scope for development in fisheries  sector both in trout and food fisheries. Also keeping up with the tradional the Salted tea or Noon Chai also called Sheer Chai is the traditional drink and is cooked in a Samavar, a Kashmiri tea-pot. Kashmir has been noted for its fine arts for centuries, including poetry and handicrafts. Kehwa, traditional green tea with spices like cardamom, Saffron and almond, is served on special occasions and festivals. Kashmiri weddings are regarded incomplete without the Kashmiri traditional food known as Wazwan, which is typically spicy food cooked by the traditional cooks (Waz). Wazwan is a multi-course meal in which almost all the dishes are meat-based.

Kashmir a.k.a. witnessing many spiritual gurus who migrated from their homeland to Kashmir.

© Aggie Reiter

 

“Incredible Construction” World’s Highest Railway Bridge – Connect @ Kashmir With the Rest of Incredible India

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Kashmir has often been referred to as “Heaven on Earth.” The heart of the area is the fertile “Vale of Kashmir” (The Valley), which lies between the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range.

The world’s highest railway bridge in India over river Chenab in Jammu and Kashmir will be completed by December 2021, and will connect the Valley with the rest of India by rail for the first time.

The construction work of the bridge was accelerated in the last one year under the direct supervision of the top echelons of the central government. It is most challenging task in the 150-year-long history of the railways. 

As seen above the massive arch-shaped structure, being constructed in hostile terrain. Had been in use over 5,462 (18,379 ft) tonnes of steel  above sea level on the India side of Kashmir and will be 359 metres above the river’s bed level. The bridge has a central span of 467 metres. The height of Qutab Minar – Delhi 72 metres and that of the Eiffel Tower – Paris  324 metres.  The maximum designed wind speed for the bridge is 266km/h.

Designed to withstand wind speeds of up to 266 km/h, 1.315-km-long, by withstand Blast, Earthquake of Intensity 8. An incredible “Engineering Marvel”!

The Srinagar Leh power transmission line 220 KV Srinagar-Alusteng-Drass-Kargil–Leh power transmission system have also been completed. Ladakh now stands connected to the national grid. This has ensured grid connectivity and reliable quality power supply to the Ladakh region in winter and surplus power can be evacuated from there in summer, reducing reliance on diesel, boosting economy and protecting environment. The semi ring road in Jammu will be completed also by next year and all land acquisition and related hurdles have been removed. In this project, 30% of the work has already been completed. Major roads like Jammu–Akhnoor Road, Chenani-Sudhmahadev Road works has been accelerated and also has been earmarked for rebuilding of health institutions.

The Udhmapur-Katra (25 Km) section, Banihal-Quazigund (18 Km) section and Quazigund-Baramulla (118Km) section have already been commissioned. The last remaining section, the 111 km Katra-Banihal section is currently under execution. The 126 km out of 174 km of tunnels on this section has already been completed.

There has been a greater push in the last one year for implementation of various projects, practically every sector and provides for massive investments in basic infrastructure also  meant for strengthening socio-economic infrastructure and balanced regional development of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Chenani-Nashri Tunnel is the India’s longest road tunnel under construction in Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir. The 9.2 km long road tunnel is a major road tunnel project in Northern India and biggest of the country. Chenani-Nashri road tunnel is also known as Patnitop Tunnel also one of the longest tunnel in Asia. The Shivalik mountain range of the great Himalayas will host the India’s longest 2 way traffic road tunnel

Jammu and Kashmir, particularly the Kashmir witnessed the worst-ever floods in 2014 therefore a number of projects have been taken up to prevent floods. The Jhelum recovery project was a key one aimed at increasing the carrying capacity of the river Jhelum and the flood spill channel.

Further might be  of interest:

Tallest … Fastest … Longest Railway Tunnel … Under Sea Level  … High Speed Rail in India.

Tallest: Since 2019, the tallest building in India has been Lodha The Park 1 in Mumbai at 268 metres (879 feet). Multiple taller buildings are under construction as well as multiple taller buildings are on-hold. Mumbai has the highest concentration of high-rise buildings in India.

Fastest: The ambitious “bullet train” project between Ahmedabad and Mumbai is set to be a test of the credentials of the country’s infrastructure prowess. India’s first bullet train between Ahmedabad and Mumbai is likely to be completed by 2022, the year marking 75 years of India’s Independence. Also incated that the project would be completed by 2022, much before the earlier deadline of December 2023. The foundation stone of the project, which will get a soft loan of Rs 88,000 crore from Japan, will be laid on September 14 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe.

Longest: India is the fastest growing industry of mega structure of Civil work,whether its bridges, amazing cloverleaf or elevated freeway in Indian cities. Indian road and rail network are one of the largest transport network in the world and bridges,Tunnels play a major role to complete the connectivity across the country. There are many longer tunnels under construction in the Himalayas ranges as part of Indian railway. Most of the tunnel in India are located in Western Ghat and Himalayas ranges. Maliguda Tunnel is the highest broad-gauge railway tunnel in India and the second highest in the world.

Under Sea Tunnel for India’s bullet train project to be conclude by August, 2022.
Presently both Japanese and Indian professionals are working diligently on ensuring to build a tunnel inside
the creek near Thane/Mumbai.

The dfference between tall and high bridges can be explained in part because some of the highest bridges are built across deep valleys or gorges. For example, (as of 8 February 2020) the Duge Bridge is the highest bridge in the world, but only the tenth tallest. This bridge spans a deep river gorge. The bridge’s two towers, built on either rim of the gorge, are 269 m (883 ft) tall, but due to the depth of the river gorge,
the deck height of the Duge Bridge is 565 m (1,854 ft).

Longest Railway Tunnels of India: The 11.2 km long Banihal railway tunnel is India’s longest railway tunnel and and Asia’s 2nd longest railway tunnel. The great tunnel is located on the highest mountain pass on the eastern Pir Panjal range in middle of Himalayas. Indian Railways is closer to finish the work on India’s longest transportation railway tunnel. The longest tunnel of India is successfully pass its train trial run through Pir Panjal tunnel being the longest rail tunnel in India. The Karbude tunnel is 6.5 km long and one of the India’s biggest engineering marvels is located on the Konkan Railway route near Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. Karbude tunnel is known to be the longest rail tunnel on Konkan railway line situated between Ukshi and Bhoke station.

Last but not least … For many, when they hear the word KASHMIR, Kashmir shawls, women’s top garments and shoulder bags would slip through their mind. Many may know they are ancient Indian industry products in the Himalayan mountains, lower Kashmir province. Even today, many people know and are looking for these special products … and now @ Kashmir also to be known about the World’s Highest Railway Bridge.

© Aggie Reiter